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16.11.2017 14:09
Alias Nanba: returnees from Syria create jobs and even become large taxpayers
Head of the social adaptation department of the State Committee of Abkhazia for repatriation, Alias Nanba, spoke about the principles of the department's work and exposed stereotypes.

Sukhum. 16 November. Apsnypress. Dmitry Basariya. According to the head of the social adaptation department of the State Committee for Repatriation Alias ​​Nanba, during the existence of the State Committee, only about 5,000 immigrants moved to Abkhazia, including more than 1,000 people from Syria.  Alias ​​Nanba told Apsnypress about how refugees found a second home in Abkhazia in the difficult time for the Syrian Arab Republic.
 
  How does the program for the repatriation of refugees from Syria in Abkhazia work?  

 The matter is that the state program on repatriation is still under development. There is only a provision on which the work of the entire department is built. Nevertheless, the Committee is working effectively, during the work of the department we can state a 5% increase in the population. 

It should be noted that there is a special norm for repatriates from Syria, since they are refugees. The State Committee gives every immigrant time for adaptation within 5 years. This means that during this period people are provided with affordable financial assistance, as well as assistance in finding housing, employment and registration of RA citizenship, receiving a pension for the elderly, and placing minors in educational institutions. Moreover, the State Committee pays for the education of children in pre-school and school institutions, and partly students - in the Abkhaz State University. Often, before the expiration of a five-year term, returnees themselves refuse financial assistance, as they successfully adapt in the Abkhazian society. Of course, there are also those who want to receive this help continuously, but after the appointed time, we provide them with exclusively legal support.  

How was it possible to establish contact with the representatives of the Abkhaz diaspora in Syria, how difficult was the process of repatriation?
   
 Prior to the start of the Syrian civil war, repatriates moved to Abkhazia spontaneously, since there was no representation of Abkhazia in that country. However, after the beginning of the conflict, the delegation of the Committee on Repatriation went to Syria and established contacts with representatives of the Abkhazian ethnos. In the first years of the war more than 500 people moved to Abkhazia, groups of 50-100 people. At first, the Committee did not cope with the financial burden that arose in the course of such work, it was necessary to seek help from the state. Now representative of the State Committee for Repatriation Sharaf Marshan is working in Syria, who headed the local federation of Circassians for 18 years. He collects information about each potential repatriate, confirming their Abkhazian origin and submitting them to the Committee. We, in turn, with the assistance of the RA Foreign Ministry, help people to obtain a transit Russian visa. 

  There is an opinion in society that repatriates from Syria are reluctant to adapt in Abkhazia, and then they receive real estate they sell it and leave the country. How true are these rumors? 
 
 First, as I have already said immigrants do not get their own property. They are provided with rented accommodation, which is paid for by the Committee. They can not sell it, since they do not have any rights to the living space. Therefore, I can assure you that I have not encountered such facts. Of course, there are cases when people buy property at their own expense, and then sell it and leave for any reason. They have the same rights as any other citizens of Abkhazia, and we have no right to dictate the terms. 

 Secondly, with regard to adaptation, I can say with certainty that repatriates from Syria "do not exceed the use of state's help ", moreover, in some cases they create jobs and even become large taxpayers. To date, we pay housing to only 30 families of returnees from Syria, the rest are self-sufficient.
 
  Tell us about the prime plans of the State Committee for Repatriation?

 It is necessary to develop a state program on repatriation. But this issue is within the competence of legislative bodies. We are now working on an analysis of the work of the Committee, which will identify priority areas for action and help in the creation of such a program.

 Also, it is necessary to build new houses for the temporary residence of repatriates. To date, on the balance of the Committee there are only 6 houses of cottage type, which are not enough to accommodate all comers.

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